Landscape of Chittagong hill tracts is different from other parts of Bangladesh. Not only Bengali speaking people but also many small ethnic groups live there, and many of those have different culture and languages. This was successfully utilized by some opportunists in the past. The Chittagong hill tracts have a long history of insurgency. Parbatya Chattagram Jana Sanghati Samity (PCJSS) started violent activities against the government. They demanded a special constructional recognition. They killed many innocent and unarmed Bengali speaking people, they wanted to evacuate them from their home. At the end army was deployed to control the situation.
At the end a peace treaty was signed between the Bangladesh government and Parbatya Chattagram Jana Sanghati Samity (PCJSS), which ended the long conflict. There is allegation that Parbatya Chattagram Jana Sanghati Samity (PCJSS) was backed by other country, they provided arms and training to the insurgents.
There was expectation that peace deal will end the conflict. According to the army intelligence report Parbatya Chattagram Jana Sanghati Samity (PCJSS) didn’t surrendered all of their arms and ammunitions. Still they won significant numbers of arms which may pose security threat.
(to be continued…)